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Peru sits in the Andean Amazon, a region that faces enormous threats to its ecological integrity, as well as to its traditional inhabitants, mostly indigenous peoples. 

Forest conversion and fragmentation, mainly by agriculture and cattle ranching, are boosted by the continued expansion of the road network. Degradation and deforestation are further driven by mining, illegal logging, and illegal drug production and trafficking. In total, 34% of the Peruvian Amazon is covered in oil and gas concessions – this includes concessions allocated over titled land and protected areas. 

The Ene river valley where our project is located, is also an area of exceptional biodiversity and cultural richness, but it too is plagued by drug trafficking, an ever-expanding influx of cattle ranchers, and the last remnants of the terrorist militia Shining Path.  


But despite these challenges, there are many reasons for hope. The indigenous movement in Peru is strong and well organised, and has a track-record of fearless activism. Indigenous forest monitoring also has a long tradition in the country. Forest monitors have succeeded in denouncing illegal activities, tackling forest destruction and defending rights.

The rich forests here provide a myriad of livelihood opportunities, which with the right support, could reduce poverty in a sustainable, climate smart way.  

Our Impacts

Our work in Peru has two main strands: 

In the Ene River Valley, we support the sustainable production of cocoa alongside indigenous organisation CARE and producers association Kemito Ene. Because of this work, Ashaninka farmers have increased their production and income, reached premium international markets under the Organic certification, created an award- winning association and integrated all this work into the overall vision they have for their collective lands.  


In Madre de Dios, we work with regional indigenous organisation FENAMAD, where the ForestLink technology has boosted local forest monitoring initiatives. With the engagement of indigenous monitors, FENAMAD has led landmark cases against illegal miners, has taken legal action against invasions and threats to environmental defenders and has become one of the leading organisations in the monitoring space in Peru.

Projects and Campaigns


Real-time community-based monitoring is a tool that connects local people with national law enforcement in an effort to stop illegal logging and deforestation.

Indigenous Livelihoods

This project helps indigenous Asháninka families in the Peruvian Amazon to generate sustainable income through the production of environmentally-friendly crops like cocoa.

Latest publications

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Peru: RFUK’s programme in the Andean Amazon